Last Sunday the attention of the world media was riveted on the extraordinary elections of the president in Kazakhstan.
In March, 2019 the first president of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev voluntarily resigned authority of the head of state which he executed from the moment of independence of the republic. Under the Constitution the duty of the president passed to the speaker of the senate of Parliament Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev who, on April 9 in his address to citizens of the country declared extraordinary presidential elections.
– On the election day of the president of Kazakhstan 9,970 polling stations, 239 of them in the capital of Kazakhstan and 65 sites abroad were opened. Vote took place on June 9 from 07:00 till 20:00 local time – Central Election Commission reported.
7 candidates approved by CEC, representing different political parties and public associations participated in a pre-election race:
Jambyl Akhmetbekov – from the Communist people’s party;
Daniya Espayeva – from Ak Zhol party;
Amirzhan Kosanov – from the national patriotic movement “Ult taqdyry”
Toleutay Rakhimbekov – from Auyl party;
Amangeldy Taspikhov – from Federation of trade unions of Kazakhstan;
Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev – from Nur Otan party;
Sadybek Tugel – from public association “Uly dala taqdyry”
Each candidate according to the law held the relevant propaganda activities on the territory of Kazakhstan. Several weeks prior to elections on the air a television debate of candidates for presidential post took place. Each participant presented the election program, told about further development plans of the state, ways of improvement of economic indicators and also about future measures for social protection of the population.
Last election has historic significance also thanks to the fact that for the first time in nearly 30 years Nursultan Nazarbayev did not participate in it.
For the first time Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected the president of the Kazakh SSR on April 24, 1990. Later the former Soviet republic gained sovereignty and became the independent state, and Nazarbayev with a big separation won all elections and steadily led the country for 29 years.
It is reported that 1,013 observers from 9 international organizations and 41 countries of the world were accredited to last presidential elections. Such large number of the accredited observers allows saying that they had an opportunity to capture the work in all regions of the country. However, the greatest attention was traditionally directed to the large cities – the capital of Nur-Sultan, the city of Almaty and also the Akmola region. Also, considering the new status of Shymkent, there were a large number of observers there.
In the statement following the results of elections, the mission of the international observers from OSCE recognized that there were no significant violations during process of vote. Also representatives of other international organizations, such as Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (ODIHR/OBSE), Parliamentary assembly of OSCE and also the Mission of SCO, observers for the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and others spoke about the dominating atmosphere of transparency and democratic character of elections.
Also according to data of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan, process of vote was covered by the record number of foreign journalists – accreditation was obtained by 227 foreign correspondents from more than 40 countries of the world. For example, only 168 representatives of foreign media were registered at the previous elections in 2015.
Data of Central Election Commission demonstrate that the convincing victory on elections was won by Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev – more than 70% of voters gave the votes for him. It means that an overwhelming part of the population of Kazakhstan supports maintaining continuity of the power, stability and interethnic concord in the country. The current president of the republic leaned on such postulates in the election program.
Weighty reasons for change were told also by those who are in opposition to authorities in power today. The representative of the national patriotic movement “Ult taqdyry” Amirzhan Kosanov collected more than 16% of votes that is an absolute record for Kazakhstan.
After announcement of results the opposition candidate recognized the defeat and congratulated Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev with victory. Political scientists regard this fact as a positive signal to mutual understanding and coexistence of various points of view on the Kazakhstan political arena.
Protest moods were on the Election Day. Shots in which the police rigidly stopped a spontaneous meeting in the capital flew about all TV channels of the world. However, among protesters there were not supporters of the opposition candidate, but the certain citizens of the country were incited by the famous runaway banker and supporters of his movement from abroad. Instead of fair, competitive and transparent competition for the top post in the country, they demanded cancellation of elections and denied any dialogue with the power. Similar radical views in Kazakhstan are shared by a scanty part of the population of the country today.
Last elections also showed civil activity of inhabitants – more than 77% of people came this day to ballot boxes. And it, first of all, speaks about conscious approach of voters to what they gave the votes for and what future they would like to see.
The vast majority of citizens of the country support stability, economic prosperity and strengthening of statehood today. And, voting for Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev¸ Kazakhstan made the most important choice – the choice to the aspiration to build economically strong, fair and democratic society.
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